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Does an Ohio judgment lien attach to property acquired after the lien was filed?



When a person owes a debt to another party, a lien may be placed on their property as a means of securing repayment. Liens can have significant implications for both creditors and debtors, as they affect property rights and the ability to transfer or sell assets. In the state of Ohio, understanding the rules surrounding liens and their applicability to property acquired after the lien was filed is crucial.


In this article, we will delve into Ohio lien laws and shed light on whether liens extend to property acquired subsequent to their filing.


What is a lien?

A lien is a legal claim or encumbrance placed on property to secure a debt. It gives creditors the right to seize and sell the property if the debtor fails to meet their obligations. Common examples of liens include mortgages, tax liens, mechanic's liens, and judgment liens.

Understanding Ohio lien laws.

In Ohio, liens are governed by state law and can be categorized into various types, including statutory liens, consensual liens, and judgment liens. While the specifics of each lien type may vary, it is important to determine how they affect property acquired by a debtor after the lien has been filed.

Property Acquired After Lien Filing.

The treatment of property acquired after a lien is filed in Ohio depends on several factors, including the type of lien and the nature of the property. Let's examine some common scenarios:

Statutory Liens:

  1. Statutory liens, such as mechanic's liens and tax liens, generally attach to the property at the time the work is performed or when taxes are assessed. If the property is sold or transferred after the lien has been filed, the lien will typically remain attached to the property, irrespective of the new owner. This means that the new owner will inherit the encumbrance unless the lien is paid off or otherwise resolved.

Consensual Liens:

  1. Consensual liens are created by agreement between the debtor and the creditor, such as a mortgage or a security interest in personal property. If a consensual lien is established on a property, subsequent property owners are generally subject to the lien's terms and conditions. Therefore, the lien will continue to apply to the property even if it changes hands.

Judgment Liens:

  1. Judgment liens are imposed by courts to secure the repayment of a debt resulting from a lawsuit. In Ohio, a judgment lien attaches to all real property owned by the debtor in the county where the lien is filed. However, if the debtor acquires new property the lien will not automatically attach to the newly acquired property as well.

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